In last week’s blog, I provided you with an overview of acne. Today I will explain the symptoms and the different types of acne.
SEBORRHEA: This is the overproduction of oil, which makes the skin looks shiny and oily, particularly in T-zone (forehead, nose and chin).
COMEDONES: Comedones are small, 1-2 mm bumps in the skin. They can be closed, in which case there would be small, flesh-coloured elevations on the skin. They can also be open, in which case they are referred to as blackheads, as you can see a black spot at the tip of the comedo.
PAPULES: Papules are red, painful bumps that can appear spontaneously or as a result of a closed comedo.
PUSTULES: Pustules are red, painful bumps with a white or yellow tip.
NODULES: They are similar to papules but larger and very painful, and they almost always leave scars.
CYSTS: These are large, deep lesions filled with fluid. They are red and painful and also leave scars.
SCARS AND SPOTS: These are secondary lesions from the acne, which appear as a result of nodules or cysts and also after the lesions have been squeezed.
A person can have one or more of the types of lesions mentioned above, making the acne more or less severe. Lesions can appear on just the face or they can affect the chest and back as well.The appearance of lesions tends to be cyclical, and we should remember that acne will not disappear until the end of adolescence, throughout which time the same person can have different types of breakouts. It’s common to have periods of remission, in which things will improve, and periods during which the acne will worsen. As such, treatment will vary and will be adapted accordingly.