Many people become concerned by the origin of the botulinum toxin (better known as Botox), because they think it is a bacteria and they can contract an infection. The reality is that this substance is the type A toxin of the Clostridium botulinum bacteria, and for this reason it does not generate any kind of infection. This toxin paralyses some muscles, either partially or totally, preventing their contraction which generates the wrinkles in the skin.
The treatment using the botulinum toxin began many years ago for the treatment of strabismus, and for the patients treated for this illness, it was observed that there was a decrease in the “crow’s feet”. It was from this observation that it began to be utilized for cosmetic purposes, and since then it has become one of the most trusted tools for improving the appearance, decreasing expression lines and to stopping the formation of wrinkles. As time goes by, its usage has extended to treat hyperhydrosis (excessive sweating and migraines).
I would like to be as clear as possible and explain how botox works.
Let us imagine a sheet of paper that we fold over and over again, slowly that sheet is completely marked with a pleat in the areas we folded; this is exactly the same as what occurs with the skin, each time that we express ourselves and we gesticulate, the skin becomes folded and over time, those folds (wrinkles) become marked for ever. What Botox will do is to prevent these “pleats” that we make when we gesticulate, and hence, the wrinkles will stop being marked.
The application of Botox requires experience because it is an art in the cosmetic industry, so that the application is fine and natural and the wrinkles disappear by decreasing the facial expressions.
For application, the use of very fine syringes is required for the substance to be released inside the facial muscles where we want to decrease their mobility. This application technique lasts between 15 to 30 minutes and is almost painless.
Like all cosmetic procedures, there are some contraindications, among them are pregnancy and breast feeding, skin infections, facial paralysis, skin cancer, and to be taking blood thinners.