Dark circles are among the most common problems affecting the skin around the eyes.The eyelids have the thinnest skin on the body, which makes it easy to observe the changes that occur beneath it.

In most cases, this change in the skin tone of the eye area is due to an excess production of melanin and the dilation of the blood vessels near the surface of the skin.

Dark circles give the appearance of fatigue, sadness and advanced age, despite the fact that the majority of people with this condition are very young.

What Causes Dark Circles?

  • Hereditary dark under-eye circles, family history: dark circles can be the result of genetic predisposition.
  • Dark circles caused by reoccurring eye irritations.
  • Dark circles in patients with conditions such as kidney and heart problems, hyperthyroidism, etc.
  • Dark circles caused by ageing skin: excessive sun exposure increases melanin in the eyelids.
  • Dark circles caused by the effect of lighting in patients with prominent malar bones.
  • Hormonal changes also affect the colour of the eyelid skin. This is why dark circles become more pronounced a few days before the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy.

Types of Dark Circles

Dark circles can be brown, purplish or black in colour.
Brown and black circles appear primarily in patients with dark skin, and purplish circles on fair-skinned patients. Dark circles can present on their own in very young patients or can be associated with fine lines or deep wrinkles. They can also appear without excessive palpebral bags or protrusions.

The recommended treatment is directly related to the type of dark circle. Next post, We will discuss treatments options according to their type.

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