“Knowing your skin type is the key to have a good skin.”
Your skin, as you, is unique. Understanding your skin type is crucial in determining which products and skin care habits suite better for your skin to let it glow better than ever.
Skin type is determined by genetics. The condition of our skin can vary greatly according to the various internal and external factors it is subjected to.
The main skin types are classified according to its production of sebum (lipids levels) in: Normal, dry, oily and combination.
This skin type is a well-balanced skin, generally found in young adults. In this skin type the T-zone (forehead, chin and nose) may be a bit oily, but overall sebum and moisture is balanced and the skin is neither too oily nor too dry. It is not prone to sensitivity.
- The sebum or lipid secretion is normal. Some oils are present on the skin surface.
- Hydration level (moisture content) is normal.
- The skin looks and feels slightly moist.
- The pores are visible, and they often vary in size, depending on the area, found more typically in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin)
- Comedones (blackheads) of a medium size may be present, usually in the T-zone.
- Occasional blemish will occur, due to the presence of sebum
- Thickness is normal.
This skin type has an over-secretion of sebum (oils). It may or may not be blemished, but this skin is very prone to acne breakouts. Could be causes by genetics, hormonal changes and imbalances, medication, stress and comedogenic cosmetics (make-up products or creams).
- Lipid levels are high. The skin appears shiny, and excess oils are seen and felt on the surface.
- Very large or enlarged pores.
- Many comedones (blackheads).
- The skin has a thickened, granular look
This skin type produces less sebum than normal skin. As a result of the lack of sebum, dry skin lacks the lipids (oils) that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences.
Significantly more women suffer from dry skin than men and all skin gets dryer as it ages.
This type of skin ages more quickly than other skin types, and it also becomes more delicate, sensitive, and prone to fine lines.
- Dry skin can be a little drier than normal skin, dry, very dry or extremely dry.
- Mildly dry skin can feel tight and fragile and look dull. Skin elasticity is low.
- Very dry skin can have scales or flakes in patches, it appears to be prematurely aged. People feel tight and itchy. It is also more sensitive.
- Extremely dry skin appears mainly in hands, feet, elbows and knees and it is prone to roughness, cracks and scales. The itchiness is frequent.
Combination skin is having oily skin in some areas of your face and dry skin in other areas. Typically, there’s a mix of oily and dry areas on different parts of your face, with the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) being slightly to very oily.
- Normal-to- dry combination: The normal or oily area is found in the T-zone section; the rest of the face is drier, with lower levels of oil.
- Normal-to- oily combination: The normal or oily area is found in the perimeter of the face; the high oily area is in the T-zone.
- These combinations will exhibit each of the main characteristics of the skin types mentioned above.
- The T-zone always has the most sebaceous secretions.